from London 1725-1730
The course of his
journey took M de Saussure through areas which had been for many years
almost permanent battlegrounds between the French forces of Louis XIV on
the one hand and the various armies of the Holy Roman Emperor, the Dutch
States General, and the British, Prussian, Palatinate, Swedish and
Hanoverian forces on the other. The Treaty of Utrecht (1713) and
subsequent Treaty of Rastatt (1714) had brought an interlude of peace to
these places, and the policies of Robert Walpole (1676-1745) in England
and Cardinal de Fleury (1653-1743) in France generally kept the peace
until the 1740's. M de Saussure notes some of the many garrisons along the
The long reign of Louis XIV (r1643-1715) was characterised by a series of military campaigns against the Emperor (of Austria) and the Palatinate, and against Flanders and the Dutch States General. These conflicts finally involved also England, Prussia, Hanover, Hesse and Denmark, troops from all of which states were involved in the Battle of Blenheim (1704). This battle marked the turning point of Louis' fortunes, and was followed by further defeats for the French army at Ramillies (1706), Oudenarde (1708) and Malplaquet (1709), leading to the Treaty of Utrecht in 1714.
M de Saussure’s journey takes him from Lausanne to Yverdon (presumably by road).
He boards the boat at Yverdon and they sail to Neuchâtel. Contrary winds keep them here for two days.
Along the River Thielle into the Lake of Bienne, then to Nidau.
Further along the River Thielle into the River Aar, past Buren to Soleure and then Wangen.
To Arwangen and Olten, stopping at Aarau and then Biberstein.
Past the Saut de Brugg near the town of Brugg, having taken on four pilots.
They leave Strasbourg and pass the fortress of St Louis, arriving at Seltz.
They pass Hagenbach and arrive late at Philipsbourg.
They pass Spire, and around midday reach Mannheim, where the Elector Palatine has a palace, and Worms that evening.
They pass Oppenheim and arrive at Mayence (Mainz) at 5 o’clock, where they visit the gardens of the Elector of Mainz and buy a stock of Mayence hams.
They stop at Bacharach, where they taste the wines, and overnight at Caüb.
To St Goar, where some fellow travellers are subjected to a baptism by the soldiers of the garrison there, past the fortress of Hesse-Rheinfels, and to Coblentz.
To Bonn, where they visit the ordinary residence of the Elector of Cologne.
To Cologne, then Wistorp.
To Dusseldorf, where they visit the palace of the Elector Palatine (the same man who has his capital at Mannheim).
To Wesel, where they see some of the King of Prussia’s soldiers.
Past Rees and Emmeric, which belong to the King of Prussia, to Arnheim, the first town in Holland.
Past Rhenen and Wyck, where they enter the River Leck, to Culembourg.
To Schoonhoven. Here he and 6 or 7 others hire a coach to Rotterdam, where he stays for three days, visiting also Delft and the Hague.
He embarks on an English sloop.
Anchored at Helvoet-Sluys.
They sight the coast of England, but are blown back.
They again sight the coast of England.
They arrive at the mouth of the Thames and drop anchor, waiting for high tide.
Close to Gravesend. They hire some small boats to take them on shore, arriving at the Tower of London between 7 and 8 o’clock.